Escherichia coli

What is Escherichia coli?

E. coli (Escherichia coli) is a bacterium that belongs to the rod-shaped bacterium group of facultative anaerobes (lives and breeds only in the absence of direct oxygen). E. coli has many strains, most of them belong to the natural microflora of the intestine of humans and helps prevent malicious microorganisms and synthesize vitamin K. But some of its varieties (for example, serotype O157: H7) can cause severe poisoning, intestinal dysbacteriosis and colibacteriosis.

The normal flora of the intestines includes many micro-organisms including Lactobacilli, Enterococci, Streptococcus and others. The strains of these bacteria are in equilibrium, but if the latter somehow breaks down, pathogenic micro-organisms will begin to multiply. The process of fermentation and rotting is intensifying, causing serious diseases.

Some strains of e. coli cause not only diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but also afflict the urino-genital system, provoke obesity, cystitis, prostatitis, meningitis in infants, sometimes they are also responsible for hemolytic-uremic syndrome, peritonitis, mastitis, pneumonia, and sepsis.

Causes of diseases

Digestive disorders, the reproduction of a pathogenic seroprevalence coli and dysbacteriosis may arise from many diseases of the digestive system, especially the pancreas (pancreatitis) and intestines (cognates, AC).

In addition, some antibiotics, the overwhelming micro-organisms that are responsible for preventing the breeding of pathogenic flora, may be able to violate the normal flora of the intestines.

To avoid dysbacteriosis and digestive disorders, the antibacterial drugs, their dosages and the medications that will protect the normal flora of the intestine must be properly picked.

The infestation of pathogenic strains of the intestinal wand occurs mainly faecal orally. contributes to the development of disease by violating food hygiene, the use of dirty fruits and vegetables, water for irrigation, contaminated or sewage. It is also dangerous to eat poorly roasted meat or to drink unboiled milk, because cows, goats, pigs and sheep can be carriers of the pathogenic strains of E. coli.

Symptoms of e. coli

Symptoms of e. coli becomes launched the clinical picture of the intestinal dysbacteriosis: severe abdominal cramps, diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, vomiting, and sometimes fever.

Among the symptoms of general intoxication are increased tiredness, weakness, drowsiness, lack of appetite.


Treatment of e. coli is admission to specially selected antibiotics. That treatment was more effective patient encouraged to do sowing bowel contents. If Escherichia coli caused diarrhea, should recover fluid and electrolytes balance with the help of rehydration. In General, the treatment depends primarily on the strain of e. coli.